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Citing Online Sources

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These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents. This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster.

This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: However, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes:.

Title of container self contained if book , Other contributors translators or editors , Version edition , Number vol. It is a good idea to list your date of access because web postings are often updated, and information available on one date may no longer be available later.

When using the URL, be sure to include the complete address for the site except for the https: Editor, author, or compiler name if available. Date of access if applicable. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory.

Purdue U, 28 Nov. Accessed 10 May Give the instructor name. Then list the title of the course or the school catalog designation for the course in italics. Give appropriate department and school names as well, following the course title.

Survey of the Literature of England. Accessed 31 May Purdue U, 20 Apr. For an individual page on a Web site, list the author or alias if known, followed by an indication of the specific page or article being referenced. Usually, the title of the page or article appears in a header at the top of the page. Follow this with the information covered above for entire Web sites. If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once.

Accessed 6 July Follow this initial entry with the name of the Website in italics, and the date of access. The Family of Charles IV. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado , www. Accessed 22 May Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive , www. If the work is cited on the web only, then provide the name of the artist, the title of the work, and then follow the citation format for a website.

If the work is posted via a username, use that username for the author. Provide the author name, article name in quotation marks, title of the web magazine in italics, publisher name, publication date, URL, and the date of access. Accessed 4 May For all online scholarly journals, provide the author s name s , the name of the article in quotation marks, the title of the publication in italics, all volume and issue numbers, and the year of publication. MLA requires a page range for articles that appear in Scholarly Journals.

If the journal you are citing appears exclusively in an online format i. Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Cite articles in online scholarly journals that also appear in print as you would a scholarly journal in print, including the page range of the article. Provide the URL and the date of access. Cite online databases e. Provide the date of access if you wish. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library , doi: Accessed 27 May Give the author of the message, followed by the subject line in quotation marks.

Include the date the message was sent. Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known.

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How to Cite Online Sources Using MLA Style The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is usually used to cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Traditionally, in-text citations included the author’s last name and the page number.

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Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources (Including Online Databases) Here are some common features you should try to find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information. Online sources, or material you find online, are plentiful, and citing them is similar to citing print sources. Follow the same general guidelines, and add the relevant material from the online.

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Citing online sources APA is still a challenge for you? Do you hate all those URLs and access dates? No worries here. We’ve got you covered. As always — just choose the exact type of source you need and cite it in the same way your professor wants. In our citation examples we use the. The title should be followed by the name of the source in the citation, and the remainder of the citation composed as appropriate for the source type. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title (excluding a, an, or the).